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PDN report on NGOs and documentary photography

NGOs Supporting Documentary Photography

September 02, 2004

By by Edgar Allen Beam

If you aspire see your documentary photography project reach people around the world, consider hooking up with one of the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) who use or sponsor documentary projects. As photojournalist Zalmai explains in our article on his recent work in Afghanistan (September ‘04 PDN), his book and traveling exhibition were produced with the help of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which secured a $400,000 transportation grant from FedEx.
I like working with NGOs very much, says Zalmai. They dont have money, but they let you do what you want. When youre working with NGOs, most of the time they understand the subject and they let you do what you want to do.
Zalmai’s grant was unusual; most NGOs support photographers by exchanging access for documentation. In some cases, an NGO actually commissions work from photojournalists to ensure there is coverage of a problem the mainstream media has ignored. The NGOs’ use of the photos vary (see “How Amnesty International Works With Photographers,” below). At a time when few magazines are interested in international news or social ills, NGOs are often the only outlet supporting serious documentary work.
Wayne Minter, audiovisual resource coordinator for Amnesty International in London, which is currently producing two projects with photojournalists, recommends that photographers interested in working with AI submit written proposals and thumbnails of recent work.

Finding NGOs: Contacts
Two very useful web sites for finding NGO links are www.ngo.org, which supplies links to UN-affiliated NGOs, and http://docs.lib.duke.edu/igo/guides/ngo/, a Duke University web site that serves as a research guide to NGOs organized by issue and geographic region.

The following are other NGOs that have supported documentary projects in recent years:

Amnesty International
Peter Beneson House
1 Easton Street
London WC1 XODW
44 207 413 5585
www.amnesty.org

CARE USA
151 Ellis St. NE
Atlanta, Georgia 30303-2440
404-681-2552
www.careusa.org

Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières
333 7th Avenue, 2nd Floor
New York, New York 10001-5004
212-679-6800
www.doctorswithourborders.org

Human Rights Watch
350 5th Avenue, 34th Floor
New York, New York 10118-3299
212-290-4700
www.hrw.org

International Rescue Committee
122 East 42nd St.
New York, New York 10168
212-551-3000
www.theirc.org

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Case Postale 2500
CH-1211 Geneva 2 Depot
Switzerland
41 22 739 8111
www.unhcr.ch

World Health Organization
Avenue Appia 20
1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland
41 22 791 2222
www.who.int

How Amnesty International Works with Professional Photographers
Is a collaboration with an NGO right for you? The following is a copy of Amnesty International’s terms and usage agreement.

Amnesty International (hereafter AI ) is a worldwide campaigning organisation working to prevent human rights violations, and to promote human rights.
We are committed to using effective images wherever possible to achieve our aims and publicise our work. We are working to extend our use of visual images and develop more creative approaches to image work.

General Principles on use of photographs in materials
We strive to uphold certain standards in our use of pictures of individuals, groups and practices in AI documents, reports, websites, campaign and action materials. These can be summarised as follows:

1.1 The overall balance of photographic content (in any AI report, document, website, etc,) should portray human dignity and positive action in the face of human rights violations.
1.2 The reality of the effects of human rights violations should be depicted where it is appropriate (eg; to the aims of the particular Campaign / Action) and does not infringe the rights or dignity of the subjects. There should be no photos included purely to shock or disturb.
1.3 The security and rights of individuals portrayed in photographs will be a major consideration.
1.4 Every effort will be made to ensure that photographs of individuals are not published without their knowledge and consent.
1.5 Every effort will be made to ensure that individuals in photographs are identified, or not, according to their expressed wishes.

Copyright / Conditions of Use
To be most effective in its work for human rights AI needs to be able to use and distribute pictures as widely as possible.
To make the fullest use of our worldwide campaigning sections and membership we will normally seek the following conditions of use:
_ Unrestricted use by any AI International Section or Structure worldwide
_ In any current, or future, formats or media
_ With no time limit (in perpetuity)
_ Can be distributed to appropriate media in connection with Human Rights work.

In return photographers will get worldwide exposure for their work in AI materials, and will always be credited as agreed. AI will undertake to refer all enquiries falling outside of the agreed AI use of the pictures (eg: from media or external sources ) directly to the photographer / agency.

Working with Photographers
Partnership
This is the most common way we work with professional photographers.

We work with a small, but steadily growing, group of professional photographers who understand our principles and, usage requirements, methods (and budgets!).
In particular these tend to be photographers who specialise in social documentary photography in some way (by theme, region, country,etc)

It is our policy to build working relationships with such local professionals worldwide.

The photographer will generally inform us of proposed trips and projects and, after consulting the appropriate research team, we would we brief them on possible subjects for pictures.
On their return we organise meetings with the IS research team to review any relevant pictures. If there are pictures we wish to use the Audiovisual Resources team negotiates use, based on the broadest possible use by of the pictures and a fair payment to the photographer for use in materials.

Commissioning
Generally there are very few AI projects where we directly commission photographers. Examples are specific missions where we require local knowledge, contacts or access, or a where there is a photographer with a proven ability in a specific area of interest to AI.
In such circumstances we would adopt the following selection criteria:

_ Acceptance of AIs General Principles and conditions of use (above) by contract
_ Specific regional / local knowledge
_ Specific technical skills
_ Ability to work with AI mission personnel in the field

Amnesty will generally seek to own copyright on commissioned photographs.
Specific contracts will be drawn up for all commissioned photographs.

Credits and non-AI use
AI will always credit the photographer as agreed, whenever the photograph is used in any AI materials worldwide.
AI will undertake to refer all enquiries falling outside of the agreed AI use of the pictures (eg: from media or external sources ) directly to the photographer / agency.

Payment
COMMISSIONS
AI will pay photographers at least the NUJ recommended rates for the types of usage we require.
Payment for commissioned photographs will be agreed by signed contract before the commission proceeds.
Contracts will cover as a minimum ; copyright, conditions of use, credits, any payments for materials, processing, expenses, delivery, transport, accommodation, access.

PARTNERSHIPS
AI will negotiate and pay for licences to use individual pictures or collections of pictures.

Contacting Amnesty
If you understand and accept AI General Principles and conditions of use (see above) and wish to discuss working with AI please
_ Send contact and work details to Audiovisual Resources Team at address below, possibly with examples of work as thumbnails, on CD or website. Any images sent, should be accompanied by brief descriptions of content (what, when, where, etc). (Please no hard copy photos or portfolios).

Audiovisual ResourcesTeam
Information Resources Program
International Secretariat
Amnesty International
1 Easton Street
London WC1 XODW
UK

Email: audiovis@amnesty.org
Tel: 0171 413 5588

by teru kuwayama at 2004-12-14 19:44:26 UTC (ed. Jul 13 2008 ) | Bookmark | | Report spam→

Cheers Teru, was going to take out a subscription to PDN just to read the full text of this article.

Charlie

by [former member] | 22 Dec 2004 08:12 | | Report spam→
by any means necessary, homie.

by teru kuwayama | 22 Dec 2004 10:12 | | Report spam→
I know this thread is years old, but I wanted to update that the Duke page has moved here:

http://library.duke.edu/research/subject/guides/ngo_guide/

by Will Seberger | 11 Jul 2008 21:07 | Tucson, United States | | Report spam→
Teru, you are a beacon!

by Ana Elisa Fuentes | 11 Jul 2008 22:07 | Bavaria, Germany | | Report spam→
Teru, you are a beacon!

by Ana Elisa Fuentes | 11 Jul 2008 22:07 | Bavaria, Germany | | Report spam→
Thank you Teru! you are a true photographer..for spreading the knowledge and love :) Appreciate it!

by Sana Manzoor | 11 Jul 2008 23:07 | New York, United States | | Report spam→
!

by Oscar Hidalgo | 12 Jul 2008 01:07 | New York City, United States | | Report spam→
Teru,

This is exceedingly valuable information.
Thanks for sharing it.

Cheers,

James.

by [former member] | 12 Jul 2008 03:07 | Tokyo, Japan | | Report spam→
Teru,

Most appreciated! Thanx a lot for sharing this with us :-)))

cheers,

Rosa

by Rosa Verhoeve | 12 Jul 2008 09:07 | Amsterdam, Netherlands | | Report spam→
Thank you Teru.

by Jay Davis | 13 Jul 2008 06:07 | Los Angeles, United States | | Report spam→
I’ve been looking into this, and never came across this thread. Thanks so much for bringing it up.

Blue.

by Ando Perez | 13 Jul 2008 06:07 | St.Ives, Cornwall, United Kingdom | | Report spam→
“Amnesty will generally seek to own copyright on commissioned photographs” I’m very surprised that an organisation like AI would seek ownership of a photographers property.

by Kim Haughton | 13 Jul 2008 09:07 | Dublin, Ireland | | Report spam→

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Participants

teru kuwayama, I/O teru kuwayama
I/O
New York , United States
Will Seberger, Photojournalist Will Seberger
Photojournalist
(Freelance Visual Journalist)
Tucson, Arizona , United States ( TUS )
Ana Elisa Fuentes, Photographer Ana Elisa Fuentes
Photographer
(relentless)
[undisclosed location].
Sana Manzoor, Photographer Sana Manzoor
Photographer
New York , United States
Oscar Hidalgo, Storyteller Oscar Hidalgo
Storyteller
Miami , United States ( MIA )
Rosa Verhoeve, photographer Rosa Verhoeve
photographer
Amsterdam , Netherlands ( AMS )
Jay Davis, Photographer & teacher Jay Davis
Photographer & teacher
Los Angeles , United States ( LAX )
Ando Perez, Writer & Photographer Ando Perez
Writer & Photographer
Brighton , United Kingdom
Kim Haughton, Photojournalist Kim Haughton
Photojournalist
(Freelance)
Dublin , Ireland


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